What is the Deportation or Removal Process?

  • “Deportation” is the formal removal of a foreign national from the United States for immigration law violation.


  • The United States may deport a foreign national who violates his or her visa, who participated in a criminal act, or is a threat to public safety as well as those who entered the U.S. without travel documents or with forged documents.


  • The deportation process can quickly without an immigration court hearing under an order of expedited removal or undergo a longer proceeding before an Immigration Court of the U.S. Department of Justice.


  • Before the U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) carries out a removal order issued by the immigration court judge, the receiving country of the foreign national being deported must agree to accept that foreign national and issue travel documents.


  • Before completing removal proceedings, foreign nationals may be offered an option to leave the U.S. on their own, also known as voluntary departure. However, this may trigger a permanent bar of admissibility.

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